1. The lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth was at Russia’s Vostok Station in Antarctica: -89.2°C (-128.6°F) on 21st July, 1983.
2. You cannot work in Antarctica unless your wisdom teeth and appendix are removed.
3. Antarctica is the driest continent; it is almost entirely desert. Very little snow or rain falls on the continent, but because it is so cold, the small amount of precipitation that does fall does not melt.
4. On average, Antarctica is the windiest continent. Winds in some places of the continent can reach 200 mph (320 km/h).
5. Antarctica has its own domain .aq
6. 70% of the world’s fresh water is in Antarctica.
7. The ice can be more than 4 km thick in some places. This ice flows off the continent and creates floating ice shelves over the ocean; these shelves break up and create icebergs. If Antarctica’s ice sheets melted, the world’s oceans would rise by 60-65 meters.
8. The Antarctic Ice Sheet is the largest single mass of ice on Earth.
9. Although myths and speculation about a Terra Australis (“Southern Land”) date back to antiquity, Antarctica was only first sighted in 1820 by a Russian expedition.
10. 53 million years ago, palm trees were growing along its shores.
11. There are no countries in Antarctica; the continent is governed by an international treaty (the Antarctic Treaty).
12. Because Antarctica lies in the southern hemisphere, seasons there are the opposite of seasons in the north — summer runs from October to February and winter covers the remainder of the year.
13. Ninety-nine percent of Antarctica is covered by ice.
14. Some parts of Antarctica have had no rain or snow for the last 2 million years.
15. Metallica played a gig in Antarctica called Freeze ‘Em All
16. The average thickness of Antarctic ice is about 1 mile (1.6 kilometers).
17. Antarctica is about 1.3 times larger than Europe.
18. Antarctica (technically) contains every timezone on the planet.
19. Also hiding under the Antarctic ice is an entire lake: Lake Vostok is a pristine freshwater lake buried beneath 2.5 miles (3.7 kilometers) of solid ice. It is about the size of Lake Ontario, and is the largest of the more than 200 liquid lakes strewn around the continent under the ice.
20. Antarctica is the only continent without reptiles.
21. No polar bears live in Antarctica, they live in Arctic.
22. A rift that could rival the Grand Canyon was discovered beneath the Antarctic ice during an expedition conducted during 2009-2010. It is roughly 6 miles (10 kilometers) across and at least 62 miles (100 km) long, possibly far longer if it extends into the sea. It extends nearly a mile down (1.5 km) at its deepest.
23. Chile has a civilian town in Antarctica, complete with a school, hospital, hostel, post office, Internet, TV and mobile phone coverage.
24. July 21, 1983 was the coldest ever day in Antarctica -89.2 C.
25. Antarctica is home to Mount Erebus, the southernmost active volcano on the planet and home to Earth’s only long-lived lava lakes.